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Cum arata Sibiul in secolul al XVII-lea?

Sibiu
Ilustratie: Radu Oltean

Arhitectura medievala
Cum arata Sibiul in secolul al XVII-lea?

Dintre toate orasele Ardealului, Sibiul, desemnat Capitala Culturala Europeana pentru anul 2007, pastreaza poate cel mai bogat patrimoniu de cladiri din evul mediu. La adapost de incendii sau razboaie nimicitoare, Hermannstadt (numele german al cetatii) a scapat si de fervoarea constructiva de la inceputul secolului al XX-lea si apoi de la sfirsitul lui, cind multe orase au incercat sa-si schimbe look –ul, considerat provincial, darimind tot ce era vechi pentru a face loc unor cladiri mari si noi.

Din pacate, ceea ce s-a demolat la Sibiu sint celebrele ziduri si turnuri, care l-au facut faimos ca fortareata invincibila. In general, istoricii si arhitectii s-au concentrat asupra pietelor centrale, unde sint cele mai multe obiective importante. Arhitectul Hermann Fabini, coordonatorul mai multor proiecte de restaurare a cladirilor medievale din Sibiu si autorul mai multor studii referitoare la arhitectura veche saseasca, a realizat in anii ’70 o propunere grafica pentru centrul vechi din secolul al XV-lea. Acum, dupa 3 ani de documentare, artistul Radu Oltean a incheiat un proiect care a vizat reconstituirea integrala intr-un desen a orasului fortificat, inclusiv a lacurilor care il inconjurau (vezi ilustratia).
Text: Catalin Gruia

* Articol aparut in editia de septembrie 2004 a NG Romania. Versiunea in limba engleza mai jos.

MEDIEVAL ARCHITECTURE

What was Sibiu like in the 17th century?

 European Cultural Capital for 2007, Sibiu, among all Transylvanian cities, has the richest patrimony of Middle Age buildings. Spared from destructive fires and wars, Hermannstadt (the German name of Sibiu), has also escaped the building fever at the beginning of the 20th century, and then at its end, when many cities tried to change their “look” which was considered “provincial”, by demolishing everything old in favor of big new buildings. Unhappily, in Sibiu were demolished the famous walls and towers which had made it famous for its invincibility. All in all, historians and architects paid attention to central squares containing the most important objectives. Architect Hermann Fabini, the coordinator of several restoration projects for the medieval buildings in Sibiu, and author of many studies regarding the old Saxon architecture, has presented in the 70’s a graphic proposal of Sibiu’s 15th century historical center. Now, after a 3 years study, the artist Radu Oltean has just finished a drawing showing the complete restoration of the stronghold and the surrounding lakes. (See illustration)

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