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Spargatorul de nuci

 

 

 

 

 

Istoria redescoperirii celui mai vechi sigiliu romanesc pastrat din epoca feudala.

Damian Bogdan a fost unul dintre profesorii legendari ai Facultatii de Istorie a Universitatii din Bucuresti. Renumitul specialist in paleografie chirilica isi procura multe documente, inscrisuri, acte si obiecte vechi printr-o metoda originala. In fiecare vacanta, batea tara in lung si-n lat, scormonind prin podurile caselor taranilor.

In anul 1952 a gasit matricea de pecete a domnitorului Alexandru cel Bun (1400-1431) in moara unui catun din Moldova. Acesta este cel mai vechi sigiliu romanesc pastrat din perioada feudala (foto). Taranul il folosea pe post de distantier intre doua dintre componentele mecanismului morii si, ocazional, pentru a sparge nuci. Profesorul a cumparat pretiosul obiect cu 30 de lei (aproximativ 12 piini). Matricea de pecete cintareste 250 de grame si contine 81,5% plumb, 14,5% staniu si 4% fier. Sigiliul cu bourul Moldovei cu steaua intre coarne a fost regasit pe documente oficiale dintre anii 1409 si 1425. Damian Bogdan l-a studiat si a scris despre el in Studii si materiale de istorie medie, vol. I, 1956.

Muzeul National de Istorie a Romaniei a cumparat sigiliul de la profesor pentru 30.000 de lei (valoarea unui Trabant) – povesteste unul dintre fostii sai studenti, Radu Constantin Coroama, director la muzeu.

Text: Catalin Gruia

Foto: George Dumitriu

varianta in limba engleza, aici RO_08_Local Geographica The Nutcracker_18

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