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Tulnicul Motilor

Copy of Tulnic08

Foto: Bogdan Croitoru

 Tulnicul motilor 

O traditie pe cale de disparitie

Izolati si rasfirati in creierii muntilor, motii din vechime foloseau tulnicul atit ca intrument muzical cit si pe post de telefon mobil. Sunetele lui grave si  rascolitoare alcatuiau un intreg cod de comunicare. „Asa vorbeau pastorii intre ei sau fetele cu baietii de pe un munte pe altul. Si tot asa se stringea oastea”, spune Paraschiva Petruse, 53 de ani, din Patrahaitesti, Alba, una din putinele femei din Apuseni care mai stiu sa cinte din tulnic. Astazi codul acesta s-a pierdut si Paraschiva nu mai cinta decit pe la nuntile din apropiere. „Tulnicul este un instrument muzical inrudit cu trimbita urcaineana, trimbita poloneza, truba italiana, luur-ul scandinav, alphorn-ul elvetian,” spune Magda Andreescu, sef sectie la Muzeul Taranului Român.

Mesterii care fac tulnice au ramas si ei foarte putini. Aurel Mocanu, 53 de ani stie mestesugul de cind era copil. „Am invatat de la tata care stia de la tatal lui.”

Tulnicul se face numai din lemn tare de brad, taiat din virf de munte, departe de apa. „Bradul se crapa in doua, partile se cioplesc si se imbina, dupa care se lipesc cu aracet si se string tot cu cercuri de lemn de brad,” spune Mocanu. Salvarea mestesugului sau ar putea veni de la germanii de la Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) care a facut pus bazele unei retele turistice in zona Ariesului. Tot mai multi turisti, in special straini, urca pe munte sa cumpere tulnice, de acasa de la motii care le fac. Un tulnic mare, de doi-trei metri costa cateva milioane.

TEXT: Catalin Gruia

 

versiunea in limba engleza, mai jos.

 

THE LAST CALL

The Pipe of the Moti

A nearly extinct tradition

Isolated in scattered homesteads at the top of the mountains, the old time dwellers of the Apuseni Mountains – the Moti – used the long pipe called tulnic both as a musical instrument and as a sort of mobile phone. Its profound, troubling sounds made up a whole communication code. „That’s how shepherds, or girls and boys talked to each other, each from their own hilltop. And that’s how they called men to war”, says Paraschiva Petruse, 53, from Patrahaite[ti, Alba, one of the few women in the Apuseni Mountains who still know how to play the tulnic. The communication code has been lost and today, Paraschiva only plays her pipe at local weddings.

„The Romanian instrument is related to the Ukrainean or Polish trambitza, the Italian truba, the Scandinavian luur and the Swiss alpenhorn”, says Magda Andreescu, curator at the Romanian Peasant Museum.

The craftsmen who still make tulnics are also very few. Aurel Mocanu, 53, has learned the trade when he was a boy. „I’ve learned it from my father who had learned it from his father”. The meter-long pipe can only be made from the wood of a fir tree grown far away from water sources, up, on the top of the mountain. „The wood is slit lengthways, hollowed out, then glued together and fixed with belts, also made

of fir”, Mocanu explains. His craftsmanship could be saved from extinction by the Germans from Deusche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), who founded a touristic network in the Arie[ region, home to the Moti. More and more tourists come up the mountain, to buy tulnics right from the craftsmen’s homes. A big one, 2 or 3 metres long, costs around 1 million lei.

TEXT: Catalin Gruia

Discussion

6 Responses to “Tulnicul Motilor”

  1. uau,pe asta il pierdusem.
    din lemn de brad…tare!

    Posted by carmen | 21/10/2009, 10:54
  2. Am fost la Arieseni la o gazda din reteaua de turism rural, care pe langa ca ne-a facut cartofi prajiti in curte la dispozitivul ala cu o teava si un disc si un foc intetit sub ea, ne-a si cantat din tulnic. Ne-au mers amanoua la inima. In orice ordine.

    Posted by another cherry | 21/10/2009, 12:01

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